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The Telecom Digest for Fri, 13 Mar 2020
Volume 39 : Issue 59 : "text" format

Table of contents
AT&T Outage – Internet down & not working for many users Moderator
Re: Keystone [was Re: History "Postal Telegraph"HAncock4
Compensation for terminating a callHarold Hallikainen
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---------------------------------------------------------------------- Message-ID: <20200311171927.GA20611@telecom.csail.mit.edu> Date: Wed, 11 Mar 2020 17:19:27 +0000 From: Moderator <telecomdigestsubmissions@remove-this.telecom-digest.org> Subject: AT&T Outage - Internet down & not working for many users by Ankit kumar AT&T, the company that offers local and long distance phone service, broadband internet and mobile phone services to individuals and businesses is currently facing an outage at many locations. Many users are unable to access the internet properly. The issue is widespread & has affected many users. They have taken the route of Twitter to express ongoing issues & outages. https://digistatement.com/att-outage-internet-down-not-working-for-many-users/ -- Bill Horne Telecom Digest Moderator ------------------------------ Message-ID: <ec07ba97-9c11-4b4f-bfac-79f10b4e44d0@googlegroups.com> Date: 9 Mar 2020 13:00:07 -0700 From: HAncock4 <withheld@invalid.telecom-digest.org> Subject: Re: Keystone [was Re: History "Postal Telegraph" On Sunday, March 8, 2020 at 5:25:31 PM UTC-4, Fred Goldstein wrote: [snip] > Over time, some of the independents in Bell areas were acquired by > Bell, and some went out of business. Keystone was a holdout (I think > until 1929). In 1912 or so the "Kingsbury" agreement allowed > independents to connect to AT&T Long Lines for long distance calls, > though there was no obligation of local interconnection. It also > banned AT&T from acquiring independents who weren't bankrupt, thus > leaving most rural areas in independent hands. This was the patchwork > monopoly system (many local monopoly carriers linked by AT&T toll) > enshrined in law in CA34. One of the holdouts was the Keystone Telephone Co in Philadelphia, which lasted until roughly WW II. Keystone specialized in business service. Unlike Bell, which charged per call on business lines, Keystone offered flat rate service. Most businesses had a Keystone phone and a Bell phone and their ads showed both numbers. To this day one can see manhole covers in downtown Phila marked KTCO. (Also, WUTC from Western Union). It is often said Bell Telephone had a monopoly but this was not quite true. First off, smaller towns were often served by an independent telephone company not affiliated with Bell. Secondly, certain telephone products, such as private customer exchanges (PAX), dictation machines, and loudspeaker systems, could be provided separately. ------------------------------ Message-ID: <0781699e88232bd41d4bcea8241ce38a.squirrel@mai.hallikainen.org> Date: 11 Mar 2020 20:10:26 -0700 From: "Harold Hallikainen" <harold@mai.hallikainen.org> Subject: Compensation for terminating a call Interesting investigation announced by FCC ... https://docs.fcc.gov/public/attachments/DA-20-252A1.pdf Normally, a carrier has to pay a local exchange carrier to terminate a call. Some local exchange carriers took advantage of this and created "access-stimulating local exchange carriers." By offering conference call services or other low cost services that do not require outside plant, LECs were paid much more than their costs by other carriers. The FCC then made rules to try to reduce these payments, but this company may be trying to get around those rules by changing their intermediate access provider. Here's an interesting footnote: "31 See Access Arbitrage Order, 34 FCC Rcd at 9041, para. 15 ("twice as many minutes were being routed per month to Redfield, South Dakota (with its population of approximately 2,300 people and its 1 end office) as is routed to all of Verizon's facilities in New York City (with its population of approximately 8,500,000 people and its 90 end offices))" Harold -- FCC Rules Updated Daily at http://www.hallikainen.com Not sent from an iPhone. ------------------------------ ********************************************* End of telecom Digest Fri, 13 Mar 2020
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