TELECOM Digest OnLine - Sorted: Re: Very Early Modems

Re: Very Early Modems
Tue, 17 May 2005 20:42:31 EDT

In a message dated 17 May 2005 07:10:57 -0700, writes:

> The passage said that AT&T strictly controlled attachments to their
> lines; the IBM system was used mostly on private lines or leased
> lines. As we recall, many large organizations, especially railroads,
> maintained their own privately built and maintained telephone networks
> and such users could of course attach anything they wanted. Railroads
> could use this IBM system to send in freight car movements punched at
> remote locations to a central site.

Railroads (and other "right-of-way" companies) could use their lines
as they saw fit, including imterconnecting with Bell lines at their
PBX (including dial PBXs). This was true whether the company owned
the lines or leased them from Bell.

> But I wonder if AT&T allowed private attachments to leased private
> lines it supplied. I wonder if the rules were different for such
> lines as opposed to the switched network. I also wonder if the
> independent telephone companies were as strict as AT&T regarding
> attachments.

The rules were indeed different on private lines. Generally the
customer could hang anything they wanted on leased lines as long as
they did not cause interference outside the bandwith. (Leased lines
included telegraph, teletypewriter, voice, program channels [audio
channels with wider bandwith than voice-grade channels], television
channels, and various grades of data channels.)

Most independent companies were even more restrictive than Bell in
their regulations, both for lines attached to the switched network and
for leased lines.

Wes Leatherock

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